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An analysis of Botswana’s implementation challenges

Authore(s) : Gape Kaboyakgosi || Senior Research Fellow at the Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis. E-mail: gapek@bidpa.bw.

Volume : (13), Issue : 205, January - 2019

Abstract : While  politicians,  academics  and  development  practitioners  agree that Botswana faces the challenge of poor project implementation, no research has been conducted to understand the causes of this problem. Our objective in this paper is to examine factors that contribute to poor project implementation in Botswana. To achieve this objective, we review the literature on the causes and effects of poor implementation. Thereafter, we assess a number of major implementation failures in Botswana to determine their causes. We argue that these challenges do not to fit perfectly with the traditional ‘implementation literature’ which attributes poor implementation to whether public policies followed a ‘bottom-up’ or ‘top-down’ model, or whether they were a ‘hybrid’ that combines the two. We conclude that in Botswana, the complexity of policy challenges, the supply driven nature of implementation, the declining policy commitment and the reluctance to reform are the main challenges to implementation.  

Keywords :Poor implementation, public policies, policy challenges, supply driven implementation, declining policy committment, reluctance to reform.      

Article: Download PDF Journal DOI : 301/704

Cite This Article:

Botswana’s implementation challenges

Vol.I (13), Issue.I 205


Article No : 10031


Number of Downloads : 132


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