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Economic Importance of Agriculture for Poverty Reduction

Authore(s) : Dalila Cervantes-Godoy || OECDFrance.

Volume : (13), Issue : 205, April - 2018

Abstract : The Millennium Declaration set 2015 as the target date for halving the number of people living in extreme poverty. Exceptional progress in some developing countries makes achieving that goal globally a realistic possibility. However, many countries will fall far short, and up to 1 billion people are likely to remain destitute by the target date. Why are some countries doing better than others? This paper seeks to answer this question by looking for shared characteristics of twenty-five developing countries posting extraordinary  success  in  reducing  extreme  poverty  over  the  past  twenty  to  twenty-five  years.  These countries were compared using indicators of their macroeconomic characteristics and, especially, their agricultural economic characteristics. The countries chosen for analysis constitute a highly diverse mix. The group includes some of the poorest and some of the richest developing countries in the world, representing  virtually  all  geographic  regions.  The  countries  also  differ  greatly  in  their  systems  of governance and economic management. Yet, they are surprisingly similar in their achievements, not only in reducing poverty, but across the broad range of macroeconomic and agricultural economic performance measures used to compare them. Findings from time-series, cross-section regression analysis reveal that while economic growth generally was an important contributor to poverty reduction, the sector mix of growth mattered substantially, with growth in agricultural incomes being especially important.

Keywords :Poverty Reduction, Agricultural Development, Millennium Development Goals.

Article: Download PDF Journal DOI : 301/704

Cite This Article:

Importance of Agriculture

Vol.I (13), Issue.I 205


Article No : 10037


Number of Downloads : 105


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