International ID for Author Rights and protection Intellectual Property

[rev_slider alias="main-slider"]


Why Publish Your Article in IJSURP


Public Research


Articles from over
100 Countries

A perspective on ethnomedicine research for livestock production: Focus on Botswana

Authore(s) : Othusitse Ricky Madibela || Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Email: omadibel@bca.bw.

Volume : (13), Issue : 205, January - 2019

Abstract : From time immemorial, communities used plants, herbs and shrubs to cure ailments in livestock and humans. Despite the advent of modern medicine, rural communities continued to rely on traditional medicine.  This paper aimed to describe the rationale, benefits, and challenges associated with the use of ethnoveterinary medicines by African livestock farmers particularly in Botswana; and to propose an approach for conducting relevant research.  This brief literature review has revealed that in Botswana and elsewhere, livestock farmers still make use of indigenous medicines to care about their animals. Several reasons explained this including ease of accessibility and availability as well as affordability.   Similarly,  several challenges are associated with the use ethnoveterinary medicines the issues of safety, quality, efficacy and dosing. These challenges call for more research to be conducted to validate practices to be encouraged and those that should be discouraged and outlawed. To do so, it is posited here that the starting point should be the involvement of traditional practitioners, farmers and healers; with the view of conducting studies that would establish the credibility about ethnoveterinary medicine; promote regional collaboration and the conservation of plants.  Such endeavour requires multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional teams as well as shared values for it to succeed.

Keywords :Ethnoveterinary medicine, livestock, diseases; indigenous knowledge; animal.

Article: Download PDF Journal DOI : 301/704

Cite This Article:

livestock production: Focus on Botswana

Vol.I (13), Issue.I 205

Article No : 10030

Number of Downloads : 105

References :
Abbas  B.,  Al-Qarawi  A.  A.  and  Al-Hawas  A.  (2002).  The  ethnoveterinary  knowledge  and practice of traditional healers in Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia.  Journal of Arid  Environments 50:367-379. Ademola I. O., Fagbemi B. O. and Idowu S. O. (2004). Evaluation of the anthelmintic activity of Khaya senegalensis extract against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep; in vitro and in vivo studies. Veterinary Parasitology... More
  1. Abbas  B.,  Al-Qarawi  A.  A.  and  Al-Hawas  A.  (2002).  The  ethnoveterinary  knowledge  and practice of traditional healers in Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia.  Journal of Arid  Environments 50:367-379.
  2. Ademola I. O., Fagbemi B. O. and Idowu S. O. (2004). Evaluation of the anthelmintic activity of Khaya senegalensis extract against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep; in vitro and in vivo studies. Veterinary Parasitology 122:151-164.
  3. Ademola I. O., Fagbemi B. O. and Idowu S. O. (2005). Anthelmintic activity of extracts of Spondias mombin against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep: Studies in vitro and in vivo. Tropical Animal Health and Production.37: 223-235.
  4. Adewunmi C. O. and Ojewole J. A. O. (2004). Safety of traditional medicines, complementary and alternative medicines in Africa. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines. 1:1-3.
  5. Alawa C. B. I., Adamu A.M., Gefu J. O., Ajanusi O. J., Adbu P. A., Chiezey N. P., Alawa J. N. and Bowman D. D. (2003). In vitro screening of two Nigerian medicinal plants (Vernonia amygdalina and Annona senegalensis) for anthelmintic activity. Veterinary Parasitology 113:73-81.
  6. Athanasiadou, S., Githiori, J. and Kyriazakis, I. (2007). Medicinal plants for helminth parasite control: facts and fiction. Animal 1: 1392 1400.
  7. Bizimenyera, E. S., Githiori, J. B., Eloff, J. N. and Swan, G. E. (2006). In vitro activity of Peltrophorum africanum Sond. (Fabaceae) extracts on the egg hatching and larval development of parasitic nematode Trichostrongylus colubriformis Veterinary Parasitology 142:336-343.
  8. Borges L. M. F., Ferri P. H., Silva W. J., Silva W. C. and Silva J. G. (2003). In vitro efficacy of extracts of Melia azedarach against the tick Boophilus microplus. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 17:228-231.
  9. Carpinella M. C., Giorda L. M., Ferrayoli C. G. and Palacios S. M. (2003). Antifungal effects of different extracts from Melia azedarach L. on phytopathogenic fungi and their isolated active components. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51:2506-2511.
  10. Statistics Botswana (2012). 2007 and 2008 Annual Agricultural Survey Report. Printing and Publishing Services. Gaborone, Botswana.
  11. Danø A. R. and Bøgh H. O. (1999). Use of herbal medicine against helminths in livestock -renaissance of an old tradition. World Animal Review 93:60-67.
  12. Diehl M. S., Kamanzi Atindehou K., Téré H and Betschart B (2004). Prospect for anthelminthic plants in the Ivory Coast using ethnobotanical criteria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 95:277-284.
  13. Fennell C. W., Light M. E., Sparg S. G., Stafford G. I. And van Staden I (2004a). Assessing African medicinal plants for efficacy and safety: agricultural and storage practices.  Journal of Ethnopharmacology 95:113-121.
  14. Fennell C. W., Lindsey K. L., McGaw L. J., Sparg S. G., Stafford G. I., Elgorashi E. E., Grace O. M.  and van Staden  (2004b).  Assessing African  medicinal  plants  for efficacy and  safety: pharmacological screening and toxicology. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 94:205-217.
  15. Hounzangbe-Adote M. S., Zinsou F. E., Hounpke V., Moutairou K and Hoste H. (2005). In vivo effects of Fagara leaves on sheep infected with gastrointestinal nematodes. Tropical Animal Health and Production 37:205-214.
  16. Gabalebatse, M., Ngwenya, B. N., Teketay, D. and Kolawole, O. D. (2013). Ethno-veterinary practices amongst livestock farmers in Ngamiland, district, Botswana. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine 10:490-502.
  17. Gathuma J. M., Mbaria J. M., Wanyama J., Kaburia H. F. A., Mpoke L, Mwangi J. N., Samburu and Turkana healers (2004). Efficacy of Myrsine africana, Ablbizia antihelmintica and Hilderbrantia sepalosa herbal remedies against mixed natural helminthosis in Samburu district, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 91:7-12.
  18. Ghotge N. S., Ramdas S. R., Ashalata S., Mathur N. P., Broome V. G. and Sanyasi Rao M. L. (2002). A social approach to validation of traditional veterinary remedies – The Anthra Project. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 34:121-143.
  19. Guèye E. E. (1999). Ethnoveterinary medicine against poultry diseases in African villages World’s Poultry Science Journal. 55:187-198.
  20. Kahiya C., Mukaratirwa S. and Thamsborg S. M. (2003). Effects of Acacia nilotica and Acacia karoo diets on Haemonchus contortus infection in goats. Veterinary Parasitology 115:265-274.
  21. Ketzis  J.  K.  and  Brown  D.  L.  (2002).  Medicinal  plants  used  to  treat  livestock  ailments  innHonduras. Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medical Plants 10:55-64.
  22. Khan M. R., Kihara M. and Omoloso A. D. (2001). Antimicrobial activity of Horsfieldia helwigii and Melia azedarach . Fitoterapia 72:423-427.
  23. Kunene N., Wilson R. A. C. and Myeni N.   P. (2003). The use of trees, shrubs and herbs in livestock  production  by  communal  farmers  in  northern  Kwazulu-natal,  South  Africa.  African Journal of Range & Forage Science. 20:271-274.
  24. Larson T. J. (1981). Hambukushu ethnobotany. Botswana Notes and Records. 13:145-148.
  25. Madibela, O. R. and Kelemogile K. M. (2008). Exposure of Melia azedarach fruits to Eimeria lowers oocyst output in yearling Tswana goats. Small Ruminant Research 76:207-210.
  26. Madibela O. R. and Jansen K. (2003). The use of indigenous parasitic plant (Viscum verrocosum) in reducing faecal egg count in female Tswana goats. Livestock Research for Rural Development 15 (9) http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd15/9/madi159.htm.
  27. Madibela O. R., Ramabu S. and Machete J.   Effects of diets with various protein levels and Viscum verrocosum on faecal egg count female Tswana goats (unpublished data).
  28. Masika P. J., van Averbeke W. and Sonandi A (2000). Use of herbal remedies by small-scale farmers to treat livestock diseases in central Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Journal of the South Africa Veterinary Association. 71:87-91.
  29. Masika  P.  J.,  Sonandi  A.  and  van  Averbeke  W.  (1997).  Perceived  causes,  diagnosis  and treatment of babssiosis and anaplasmosis in cattle by livestock farmers in communal areas of the central Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Journal of the South Africa Veterinary Association. 68:40-44.
  30. Moreki J. C., Petheram R. J. and Tyler L. (1997). A study of small-scale production system in Serowe-Palapye Sub-district of Botswana. In Sonaiya E. B. (ed) Issues in family poultry Development Research.  Proceedings of  International Workshop held in December 9-13, 1997,M’Bour, Senegal. Published by International Network for Family Poultry Development. Faculty of Agriculture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria (1997) pp 184-197.
  31. Moreki, J. C., Tshireletso, K. and Okoli, I. C. (2012). Potential use of ethnoveterinary medicine for retained placenta in cattle in Mogonono, Botswana. Journal of Animal Production Advances 2:303-309.
  32. Moreki, J. C. (2003). Village poultry and poverty alleviation. In: Community-based Management of Animal Genetic Resources. Proceedings of workshop held in Mbabane, Swaziland, 7-11 May Food and Agriculture Organisation 2003. pp 155-164.
  33. Regassa A. (2000). The use of herbal preparations for tick control in western Ethiopia. Journal of the South Africa Veterinary Association 71:240-243.
  34. Siddique N. A., Bari M. A., Naderuzzaman A. T. M., Khatun N., Rahman M. H., Sultana R. S., Matin M. N., Shahnewaz S. and Rahman M. M. (2004). Collection of indigenous knowledge and  identification  of  endangered  medicinal  plants  by questionnaire  survey in  Barind  Tract  of Bangladesh. Journal of Biological Sciences. 4:72-80.
  35. Schwalbach L. M. J., Greyling J. P. C. and David M. (2003). The efficacy of a 10% aqueous Neem (Azadirachta indica) seed extract for tick control in Small East African and Toggenburg female goats kids in Tanzania. South African Journal of Animal Science 33:83-88.
  36. van der Merwe D., Swan G. E. and Botha C. J. (2001). Use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in cattle by Setswana-speaking people in the Madikwe area of the North West Province of South Africa. Journal of the South Africa Veterinary Association. 72:189-196.
 ... Less

WordPress Lightbox Plugin