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Economic, social, and environmental sustainability in development theory and urban planning practice

Authore(s) : A. D. BASIAGO || Andrew Basiago an American lawyerholds two advanced degrees in environmental planning.

Volume : (13), Issue : 205, January - 2019

Abstract :

 In  ten  years,  more  than  half  the  world’s population will be  living in  cities.  The  United Nations ŽUN. has stated  that  this will threaten cities with social conflict, environmental degradation and the collapse  of basic  services.  The  economic,  social, and  environmental planning  practices  of societies embodying ‘urban sustainability’ have been proposed  as antidotes to these  negative urban  trends.  ‘Urban sustainability’  is  a  doctrine   with  diverse  origins.  The  author   believes  that  the  alternative  models  of cultural  development in Curitiba,  Brazil, Kerala,  India,  and Nayarit, Mexico embody the integration and interlinkage of economic,  social, and  environmental sustainability.  Curitiba  has  become  a more  livable city by building an efficient  intraurban bus system, expanding  urban  green  space, and meeting  the basic needs   of  the   urban   poor.  Kerala   has  attained  social  harmony   by emphasizing   equitable   resource distribution rather   than  consumption, by restraining   reproduction, and  by attacking  divisions of race, caste, religion, and gender.  Nayarit  has sought to balance  development with the environment by framing a  nature-friendly  development plan  that  protects   natural   systems  from  urban   development and  that involves  the  public  in  the  development process.  A detailed mexamination   of  these  alternative  cultural development models  reveals  a myriad of possible  means  by which economic,  social, and  environmental sustainability  might be advanced  in practice.  The  author  concludes  that  while these  examples  from the developing  world cannot  be  directly  translated to  cities  in the  developed  world, they  do  indicate  in a general  sense the imaginative policies that  any society must foster if it is to achieve ‘urban sustainability’.


Keywords :Economic, social,  environmental sustainability , development ,  urban planning practice.

Article: Download PDF Journal DOI : 301/704

Cite This Article:

Environmental sustainability in development theory

Vol.I (13), Issue.I 205

Article No : 10051

Number of Downloads : 108

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